How is the human papillomavirus transmitted and how to protect yourself from it?

girl with human papillomavirus

Alas and ah, but modern man is constantly in wait for a huge number of various diseases - both dangerous and not very. And one of these diseases is papilloma, the development of which provokes HPV, the human papillomavirus. By the way, this virus is very widespread, so almost anyone can get infected. Moreover, very often an infected person for a very long time does not even suspect that he is a carrier of the human papillomavirus.

First, let's figure out what papilloma is. Perhaps the fact that this disease belongs to the group of sexually transmitted diseases will not surprise anyone. But does everyone know how to recognize this disease, which affects both the skin and mucous membranes? Of course, in the stage of an asymptomatic course, it is difficult to recognize diseases - the only way can be a laboratory blood test.

Symptoms of the disease

Sooner or later, a virus that has entered the body makes itself felt. The incubation period is also different - from several days to several months, and sometimes even years after contact with an infected partner. It all depends solely on the state of immunity of the infected person. As a rule, single or group neoplasms appear on the skin and mucous membranes. They can be either flat, like half a pea, or convex, like a grain of rice. Sizes can also vary greatly from small to quite large. In especially severe cases, warts are like cauliflower.

Most often, warts are located around the anus, vulva, inside and outside the vagina, on the scrotum, penis, and sometimes on the inner thighs. It is almost impossible to predict how neoplasms will behave - they can remain unchanged, decrease without any outside intervention, or begin to rapidly increase in size. There is a widespread theory that condyloma sooner or later degenerates into a malignant formation. However, this is nothing more than a simple "horror story". Doctors say that no transformation is taking place.

sexual contact as a way of infection with papillomavirus

Methods of transmission of the virus

So, what is the human papillomavirus, more or less clear. Now you need to figure out how you can get infected with this virus:

sexual route of infection

The most common way of infection with the human papillomavirus, of course, is through sexual contact. If one of the partners is infected, then during sexual contact - and it does not matter, vaginal, oral or anal - the virus penetrates the mucous membrane of the second partner. This means that a microcrack or another, even the slightest, damage to the mucous membrane is enough for the virus to enter the body and settle there.

And surprisingly, doctors note the fact that most often the virus is transmitted from a man to a woman. Although, of course, women also infect men very often. Of course, people whose sexual relationships are promiscuous are at risk. In addition, it has been proven that smoking and drinking alcohol also significantly increase the risk of infection, since the mucous membranes become much more vulnerable under the influence of ethanol and nicotine.

Vertical mode of infection

The vertical mode of transmission of the infection is the case when the virus is transmitted during childbirth, from a pregnant woman to a baby. This happens during the passage of the baby birth canal. Where, in fact, is the human papillomavirus located. That is why, in cases of a very advanced course of the disease, to exclude the transmission of the papillomavirus, doctors may decide on the need for a caesarean section. Although in fairness it should be noted that this is the most extreme measure.

Household way of infection

Very rarely, but still sometimes doctors record cases of domestic infection with the human papillomavirus. which, however, is not surprising - after all, if the virus is transmitted with an ordinary kiss, then why shouldn't it be transmitted through dishes, towels, washcloths and other household items? Although given that the incubation period of this disease is very, very long, it is almost impossible to determine exactly how the infection occurred. That is why it is so important not to forget about the elementary rules of personal hygiene, especially in public places - baths, saunas, showers, locker rooms.

human papillomavirus vaccine

Virus Treatment

If you notice neoplasms, immediately go to the doctor. Despite the fact that the signs of the disease are extremely specific and it is almost impossible to confuse them with anything, it is still worth consulting a doctor. The doctor will not only confirm the diagnosis, but also prescribe the optimal treatment, taking into account your general state of health.

Please note - if the infection occurred sexually and you know from which partner you got this "reward", tell him. Because treatment is necessary for both - both women and men. By the way, remember a very important point! Do not rush to break up with your soulmate if you are diagnosed with the human papillomavirus. As has been repeatedly mentioned above, sometimes the incubation period can be very long. So, it is quite possible that there was no infidelity. And the disease is just an echo of a stormy youth. Therefore, be prudent, put aside the frying pan, rolling pin and other heavy and piercing-cutting objects, try to calm down and go together to the doctor.

Remember also that sometimes even a full course of adequate treatment does not help to completely get rid of the human papillomavirus. External signs of the disease completely disappear, but the virus is dormant in the body - and at any moment it can not only be transmitted to another person, but also re-announce itself with specific rashes. Or maybe all your life you can quietly "doze off", without showing up in any way. In this case, the person is a carrier of the virus.